Monday, May 25, 2020

American Public And Securing The National Interest Of The...

Title Dhwani Patel Word count: Being the president who set out to escape the norms in achieving my goals for the American public and securing the national interests, I have persevered and illustrated periods of triumphs and have endured times of oppositions. Nonetheless, there have been improvements and disagreements throughout my time in the office. Over the course of these previous eight years, America has observed persistence in job increases, greater transparency, formidable economic growth, and an increase in jobs in the auto industry (Jackson). In a matter of time, I will be stepping out of the office and handing over my position to president-elect Donald TrumpI hope to have made a difference in the lives of the American public during my time in the office. The greatest achievement that I have been able to accomplish in terms of securing the material national interest of the United States has been the agreement of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. This trade agreement amongst twelve member states (United States, Canada, Chile, Peru, Zealand, Australia, Brunei, Singapore, Vietnam, Malaysia, and Japan) was adopted to strengthen the economic ties for a more interconnected global economy. For the average working American it shows great promise to increase their income and for the nation as a whole. It also possesses the potential to allow for the growth of the nation’s GDP and annual exports, thereby increasing the living standard.Show MoreRelatedImmigration Is Not As Black And White1456 Words   |  6 Pagesof work. In a recent gallop poll taken in June and July of 2015, the public responded to the question: â€Å"In the United States, in your view, should immigration be kept at its present level, increased, or decreased?† 40% responded saying that it should be kept at its present level, 25% said it should be increased, and 34% said it should decrease; (1% had no opinion). (Gallup) Immigration has been a core value of the United States since our beginning and it will continue to be a pertinent one. EachRead MoreHomeland Security And The Security1435 Words   |  6 PagesDifferences The idea of securing the nation’s borders and securing the safety of the citizens has been a major topic since the beginning of the nation’s existence. There have always been means and procedures for it but it was never defined to the point it is today. The Homeland Security Department is a fairly new program which is constantly improving and adjusting in accordance to the threats that may arise. In the attempt to secure the United States, homeland security has become paramount and aRead MoreEssay On Why I Want To Be An Intern707 Words   |  3 Pagesto express my interest in securing a position as an Intern for the House Judiciary Committee this summer. I am currently a sophomore at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia, studying both Political Science and Philosophy on the Pre-Law track. My interests, experience and enthusiasm drew me to this opportunity and I would like to share a little about myself. As an undergraduate at Emory, I actively advocate for my beliefs, principles, and values. I founded Emory’s Young American for Freedom chapterRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Overthrow By Stephen Kinzer1713 Words   |  7 PagesThe United States government engaged in â€Å"regime change operations† throughout the late 19th and 20th Centuries. The United States government overthrown foreign governments for economic benefits. Some economic benefits that were gained would be promoting American economic interests and access to natural resources. For instance securing trade and support for American private investment abroad was another way United States gained economic benefits. While reading the book Overthrow by Stephen KinzerRead MoreEssay on The Rise of the American Empire1639 Words   |  7 Pagesburgeoning superpowers. A new world order began to take shape with the United States and USSR vying to establish their own hegemony. Aside from causing a major shift in geopolitical power, WWII also solidified the integral role oil played politically in national security. However, following the war the United States was no longer the world’s largest oil producer and was unable to maintain self-sufficiency as it had in the past. As a national security imperative oil was more important at this point thanRead MoreJames Madison And The Federal Convention Essay896 Words   |  4 Pagesvision of government lined up with the Virginia Plan presented by Edmund Randolph to the Federal Convention on May 29th, 1787. 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The United States of America has not worried much about self-defense orRead MoreEssay on Government Secrecy1367 Words   |  6 PagesGeorge W. Bush has a different outlook. From the first days of his administration, President Bush has taken steps to tighten the governments hold on information and limit public scrutiny of its activities. Expansive assertions of executive privilege, restrictive views of the Freedom of Information Act, increasing use of national security classification, stonewalling in respons e to congressional request for information Ââ€" all these were evident even before the September 11 attacks (At Issue: Has theRead MoreThe Women s Suffrage Movement1535 Words   |  7 Pages18, 1920 the Nineteenth Amendment, which prohibited any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex, was ratified. This amendment represented nearly eighty years of struggle for American suffragists. Throughout this arduous journey the suffrage movement evolved alongside the women who embodied it, each generation splintering into moderate and radical factions. Since its founding in 1890, the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) had been the leadingRead MoreThe American Foreign Policy Changed Over Time1606 Words   |  7 Pages The American foreign policy changed over time has reflected in its national interest. Foreign policy is a major issue for the people today is because after the terrorists attacked in Paris, they killed over a hu ndred people. Therefore, the United States wants to go start a war with terrorists in Isis. But Congress prevents the United States from going in war with Isis.They claim if they were start a war with Isis, it will promotes more terrorists in the country. Also, they said it would

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The exchange rate risks and the factors that managers should consider - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2472 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Finance Essay Type Research paper Did you like this example? Exchange rate risk is one of the most important factors managers should consider while dealing in outside the country in foreign currency. To reduce the volatility in future cash flows and to protect from losses due to change in currency rates stimulates the firm to go for a hedging strategy to cater currency risk problem. Billing in home currency, Forwards, Futures, Options and hedging through money markets are the potential strategies firm can adopt to hedge their currency risk. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "The exchange rate risks and the factors that managers should consider" essay for you Create order Giving right to purchase or sale not the obligation, paying premium at the time of contract and to some extent the flexibility in exercising the contract are the potential factors that discriminate Currency forward options with currency forward fixed contracts. The right to buy or sale allows the firm to minimize the risk and maximize the profits as compared to option contract at the cost of premium paid at the time of contract. In the case of firm it was found that the selecting forward contract is the best hedging strategy as company can get maximum proceeds in dollars from this strategy as compared to billing in US dollars or money market hedge. Company can earn 33306022.4 dollars from forward contract which is 744399.5 dollars more than billing in US dollar strategy and 342602.6 dollars more than money market strategy. 1. Introduction: Today this is a world of globalization where firms are broadening their activities across the boundaries and not restricted themselves for local operations only. Access to new markets, raw materials, new technology, to seek production efficiency, diversification and to avoid political and regulatory risks are the potential factors that stimulate the firms to go global (Brigham and Houston, 2008:747). While dealing in across the border a number of factors like exchange rate risk, political risk, regulatory risk, cultural and language differences can affect the decision making of managers. Exchange rate risk is one of the most important factors in this respect. Exchange rate is the specified units of a given currency that are equal to the one unit of another currency. So whenever international financial managers are dealing in foreign currency instead of their local currency, an analysis of exchange rate risk should make to assess the real value of transaction. 2. Why hedging Exchange Rate risk: Exchange rate risk management becomes more critical for the firms dealing in import and export where change in currency rate can lead to a volatile cash flow. It was Adler and Dumas who have explain the exchange rate exposure phenomena as the volatility in cash flows because of unexpected increase or decrease in foreign exchange rate (1984). As a key source of uncertainty for companies exchange rates evidenced a volatility of ten times of inflation rate and four times of interest rate all over the world (Jorion, 1990). Froot et al. have found that volatility in the cash flows due to change in exchange rates can lead to a shortage of finance and as a result direct the company for costly external financing (1993). Though researchers found a small economical and significant effect between firmacirc;â‚ ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s value and the change in exchange risk (Griffin and Stutz, 2001) but still it increases opportunity cost and the uncertainty about the future cash flows. So hedging exchan ge rate risk is very important to avoid this uncertainty of losses. As the firm is expecting to receive 500 million Mexican pesos in next 6 months while those Pesos will be used in home country. So after receiving those pesos they have to convert into dollars to use in US. Today if company receives those 500 Poses and converted it on spot bid rate (rate at which you can buy Dollars in exchange of other specified currency at the spot) then firm will receive 500000000 / 15.3555 = 32561622.9 dollars. But firm will get these Pesos in next 6 month and what will happen if the spot bid rate does change? Now suppose if the Mexican Pesos depreciated after 6 month and spot bid rate changes from 15.3555 to 15.5 Poses/Dollar and firm converted those Poses into Dollar then the firm will receive 500000000 / 15.5 = 32258064.5 Dollars which is 303558.4 (32561622.9 32258064.5 = 303558.4) less than today amount of Dollars if converted. So it is very important to manage this risk arises due to change in exchange rate and hedging exchange rate risk to avoid future cash flow volatility. 3. Techniques of hedging Exchange Rate risk: Above illustration shows the importance of hedging exchange rate risk especially when foreign currency is expected to appreciate for an importer or depreciation in foreign currency for an exporter while payments or receipts are made in foreign currency. Firms use derivative instruments to hedge their exchange rate risk and to avoid the volatility in their cash flows all over the world (Froot et al., 1993). Following are techniques to hedge exchange rate in this respect. 3.1 Billing in home currency: While dealing in foreign exchange currencies in their operations one can deal in three different currencies Home Currency Counter partyacirc;â‚ ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s home currency Third country currency Dealing with home currency transaction is the easiest way to hedge the currency risk as whenever the payment is paid you will receive in home currency and no need to convert it with other currency that can lead to volatile cash flows, but this holds true if home currency is stronger and expected to appreciate with respect to that currency (Grath, 2008:98). While if foreign currency is expected to appreciate i.e. forward rate is less than spot rate then you can hedge yourself through forward contracts with more returns. 3.2 Currency Forwards: It is an obligatory sale or purchase agreement of a specified number of units of a currency with a specified exchange rate in replace of another currency at a future date. The agreed rate can be different from spot rate but it did not assure that on that future date spot price of that currency will be same as this forward rate. This forward rate is been determined according to interest rates and to market situation plus bank commission (Grath, 2008:98). These are over the counter contracts and time period of the transaction should be more than 2 days after transaction and in the foreign exchange market nearly 10 percent of all transactions are forward contracts (Homaifar, 2004:41). It is an obligation on both the parties and at the maturity of contract one party has to sale and other has to purchase that specified numbers of units at that agreed price. In these contracts one can hedge his exchange rate risk by transferring it to the counter party. Currency forward contracts allows a firm to hedge its exchange rate risk by locking the price to be paid against foreign currency as the value of that currency may appreciate over time (Madura, 2006). For example as firm is expected to receive 500 million Pesos whose spot rate is 15.3555 and we made a 6 month forward contract whose rate is 15.0123 and hedge our risk. Now whatever the spot price will be after 6 months bank is obligatory to exchange those Pesos at 15.0123 exchange rates and risk has been transferred to bank. If the spot rate at that time is more than forward rate then bank will enjoy premium and if the exchange rate falls than forward rate than risk bank will bear losses. Though currency rate risk is been catered in forwards with customized options but as these are over the counter contracts usually made by bank, so the risk of default of that bank is associated and on the other hand liquidity before maturity of these contracts are also been an issue to be considered. 3.3 Futures Contract Having all features of forward contracts but standardized features along with trading in exchange makes it different from forwards. As Futures are traded on exchange, so the risk of default is guaranteed by that exchange. Unlike forwards these are standardized contracts where you just have to choose your contract. 3.4 Currency Options: These are the contracts in which the buyer of option has the right, but not the compulsion to sale or buy a specified number of units of a currency at a agreed rate during some future date (Grath, 2008:101). Unlike forward or futures it did not create obligations to the party to execute the contract but it provides the right to the option holder whether to execute the contract or not at the time of maturity. A call option provides to its owner the right to purchase while a put option gives the right to sell a specified number of foreign currency in exchange of home currency at a particular price (also called strike price), on or before some specified expiration date (Marcus, 2004:656). Option holder has to pay some premium at the time of contract but at the withdrawal option holder will loss that premium. Both options at over the counter and tradable options are available. Suppose you buy a put option to sell 5oo million Mexican Poses after 6 month with a premium of $1000 at the ra te of 15.2 Poses / Dollar and today spot price is 15.3555 Poses / Dollar. Now after 6 months total value of option will be $32893736.8 (500000000 / 15.2 $1000). You will exercise the put option if the spot rate at that time will be at least 15.2004 poses / dollars (500000000 / 32893736.8) as at this level there is no profit and no loss. So decrease in spot rate at that time from this level will increase the profitability in dollars while any increase from this level will lead to withdraw from option as it will increase the loss. 3.5 Hedging through Money Market: It is a process by which one can borrow and deposits different currencies in different countries having different interest rates to eliminate the currency risk. Here the logic is different interest rates in different countries and we try to cater our currency risk through those interest rate differentials. 4. Calculations of three chosen approaches: Bid Rate Ask Rate Spot rate (Peso/USD) 15.3555 15.3561 Six months forward (Peso/USD) 15.0123 15.0134 Six months interest rates U.S Mexico Deposit 3.1% p.a. 1.6% p.a. Borrowing 5.1% p.a. 2.6% p.a. 4.1 Billing in US Dollars: As firm is expecting 500 million Mexican poses in next 6 months. Now if firm contracted with its customer to pay in US dollars then today he will fix dollar amount to be paid after 6 months according to current spot rate as given. Dollars to be paid = 500000000 / 15.3555 = 32561622.9 US Dollars Now after 6 months company will receive 32561622.9 dollars from its customer and company has hedged himself to this amount of dollars. Now whatever the exchange rate will be after 6 months company will receive 32561622.9 dollars. 4.2 Currency Forward Contract: Another option that can be used to hedge currency risk is forward contract. After entering a six month forward contract company can lock the exchange price of 15.0123 poses per dollar. Now whatever the price will be after 6 month company can exchange those 500 million poses into dollars at 15.0123 poses per dollar. So after 6 month company will receive following amounts. Receipts from customers = 500000000 poses Covert to Dollar at Forward rate = 500000000 / 15.0123 = 33306022.4 Dollars So after entering forward contract company has locked the conversion price at 15.0123 and can convert those 500 million poses into 33306022.4 Dollars after 6 months. 4.3 Money Market Hedge: Company can also go for a money market hedge where firm can borrow from Mexican money market for 6 months against some interest rate to be paid and convert this amount into Dollars. Then deposit this amount in home country money market for 6 months for some interest. When receive those 500 million poses from its customer, return the loan borrowed from Mexican money market and also receive money deposited in home country money market with interest. This all process is completed in following way Step 1 Borrow required Poses from Mexican market = 500000000 / [1 + (0.026 * 6/12)] = 500000000 / 1.013 = 493583416 poses Step 2 Covert these Poses into Dollars at current spot rate = 493583416 / 15.3555 = 32143754.1 Dollars Step 3 Deposit these Dollars into home money market at 5.1% p.a. Step 4 Now after 6 months firmacirc;â‚ ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s repayment of loan (Principle + interest) from Mexican market becomes due Amount due to Mexican money market = Principle + Interest = 493583416 + 6416584 = 500000000 Poses Company will repay its 500000000 Poses loan after receiving from its customer. Company also will receive his deposited 32143754.1 Dollars along with 5.1% p.a. interest rate. Amount Receive from Home money market = Principle + Interest = 32143754.1 + (32143754.1 * 0.051 * 6/12) = 32143754.1 + 819665.73 = 32963419.8 Dollars So after 6 months company will receive a total of 32963419.8 Dollars. 4.4 Recommended approach: Company should go for forward contract to hedge its currency rate risk as company will receive maximum amount of dollars after 6 month in this approach. If company goes for billing in US dollars then it will receive 32561622.9 dollars which is not a good option as the forward rate is less than spot rate and company can gain 33306022.4 Dollars through forward contract even more than the proceeds will receive from money market hedge approach. In exercising the forward contract company can hedge his currency risk and also will earn 744399.5 (33306022.4 32561622.9) dollars more than billing n US dollar option and 342602.6 (33306022.4 32963419.8) more than the money market option. 5. Forward exchange fixed V/S forward exchange option contracts: Following are the critical features that distinguish these two Forward exchange fixed and forward exchange option contracts. 5.1 Option but not obligation: The main feature that differentiate forward option contract with forward fixed contract is the right to execute the contract and not the obligation. In option contract option holder can cancel the contracts while loosing his premium amount (Grath, 2008:101). This feature of option provides option holder more flexible risk management as he can cancel the deal if observing low proceeds of amount and also can got high profits if the exchange spot rate increases as compared to strike price (option exchange rate). While in forward you make a 100% hedge and lack at one price. 5.2 Premium: No premium is required to enter in a forward contract while for a forward option contract premium is required which act as insurance premium determined and varying according to interest rate level, market condition, time period of contract and expected fluctuations in currency Grath, 2008:102). This feature of options can make it costly as compared to forwards. But on the other hand it can also provide an opportunity for high profits. Unlike options there is no such premium required to enter in a forward contract but a little margin or commission. 5.3 Trading: Forwards are available in over the counter market while options can be accessed through both traditional and over the counter market. So both tailor made and standardized option contracts are available. 5.4 Exercise Time: As it is very difficult for an importer to figure out the exact time of payment or proceeds will receive in foreign currency, so option contract also can provide this kind of flexibility. For example if today (1 April) you but an option for 6 months at a strike rate of 15.43 Poses / Dollars and in agreement it is given that you can exercise this agreement from 1st September to 30th September. Now you have more flexibility in exercising the contract according to your need during the month of September. But in the case of forward contract you fix a future date and the contract will be exercised on that particular date.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Personal Narrative- A Lesson in Culture Shock Essay

Personal Narrative- A Lesson in Culture Shock â€Å" You want to be the same as American girls on the outside.† (Tan, Amy) Like Tan in her narrative â€Å"Fish Cheeks†, everyone has had a time in their lives when they wanted to fit in at school or home. Sometimes it is hard to try to blend into the surroundings. Moving from Boston to Tallahassee has taught me a lot about such things like honor, pride, and self-reliance. Such is related to us in Wilfred Owens’s â€Å"Dulce et Decorum est† which is about his experience in World War I. Sometimes experiences such as moving can teach more about life than any long lecture from any adult. As the old saying goes: â€Å"Actions speak louder than words.† Growing up in Boston for thirteen years did not prepare for†¦show more content†¦So exactly, how am I from there? Besides, I am a United States citizen since I was born here, so why would I leave my home country again? This experience has taught me that ignorance can be very dangerous. I received many threats, including being threatened to be shot at school. I felt just like Hope in â€Å"The Train from Hate†(Hope, Fran, because in all the years that I have been alive I had never experienced such prejudice. I began to question myself and realized that although I am not Muslim, I could show those people who wanted me to leave that I was a worthwhile person, so I became part of the dance team and was on yearbook staff. As time went by, things got better or at least for me they did. Last year I started to become more involved in church and at my church we have lots of migrant workers and their families that go there. I see them as fellow worshipers of the same God who were created equally to me. The sad reality is that we are not seen that way. Everyone seems to notice the fact that many work in the fields as their only personality. These people are not all the same but there are always a few to ruin it for the whole bunch. We see it on TV. It is all over the Internet; the many stories of drug dealers from Latin America being caught coming through the same tunnels immigrants use to get into the country. In addition, because of them not only are they closing the tunnels but also they all put up withShow MoreRelatedCharacter Analysis : Arabian Nightmares995 Words   |  4 Pagesthat she was a law student who abandoned her studies to become a sniper. Angel  is directed by Michael Cabot on a smoky stage where low lighting evokes the many scenes of the narrative. We first meet Rehana (Angel) at age 12 – her first experience with a gun is to be told by her father to destroy her badly injured dog – â€Å"a lesson you must learn†. Then at seventeen her father pulls her out of school to teach her to shoot accurately. This is a long and arduous process but her father persists. She isRead MoreThe Spirit Catches You And You Fall Down Addresses Experiences And Decisions1018 Words   |  5 Pagesmore humanistic, because we feel the healthcare provider’s frustration and their concerns becoming more salient, while we see how a breakdown in communication, can have heartbreaking results as felt by the Lees. I think the book’s by-product is a lesson in cultural competence that can educate health care, but it is also a story that is much more dynamic as it reflects upon the sociopolitical struggle of the Hmong Chinese, xenophobia, and reminds us of a dark period of time in American history, theRead More Comparing Bread Gi vers and How the Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents2809 Words   |  12 PagesDream of freedom and a better way of life, and their narratives have been recorded by various authors in both fiction and non-fiction stories. But can the fiction genre be considered a reliable source for studying the immigrant narrative? If American immigrant literature is to be used as a reliable source for understanding the immigrant experience, one needs to justify that this literature properly tracks the history of the immigrant narrative. In an effort to justify the fiction genre as aRead MoreShanghai Girls - Book Review2407 Words   |  10 Pagesgreat-grandfather left his village in China to immigrate in Los Angeles at the beginning of the last century. Although she is only 1/8 Chinese, she spent he childhood in the Chinatown of Los Angeles, and her familial background has given her roots in Chinese culture and has had a great impact on her life and work. See is the author of the critically acclaimed international bestseller, Snow Flower and the Secret Fan; Peony in Love; Flower Net (an Edgar Award nominee); The Interior; and Dragon Bones, as wellRead MoreShanghai Girls - Book Review2414 Words   |  10 Pagesgreat-grandfather left his village in China to immigrate in Los Angeles at the beginning of the last century. 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Being that a lot of Hip-Hop artist had streetRead MoreMwds: the Invisible Man3683 Words   |  15 PagesMan. New York: Vintage International, 1995. Print. 2. Genre: â€Å"Had they planned it this way? But no, they wouldn’t catch me again. This time I had made the move†(195). The Genre of Invisible Man would be Bildungsroman, a word used to describe the personal development of education and formation. This quote carefully hints the identity recognition that the narrator is experiencing. The recognition that Ellison highlights shows the difference in the narrator and how he has come to the realization ofRead MoreFast Food Nation, by Eric Schlosser Essay1928 Words   |  8 Pagesshould know what lies behind the shiny, happy surface of every fast food transaction† (Schlosser 10). He wants people to be aware of what they are eating and spending their hard-earned dollars on for the sake of their wellbeing. He wants to show a personal account of the difficulties that everyday people endure trying to accommodate different aspects of a fast food meal possible to the consumer. By stressing this, Schlosser also shows the need for the sanitation of fast food to be dealt seriously.Read MoreAn Analysis of Theodore Roethkes My Papas Waltz3287 Words   |  13 P agesto do this, since she is the one observing, exercising control, and explaining the world to herself. The unexpected reciprocated observation by the father is unexpected and incomprehensible. The narrators tears at the end are likely related to the shock she experiences when she realizes her frame cannot control what she sees. Part 3: The Wrysons of Shady Hill, including Irene, are extremely passionate about things remaining consistently unchanged, especially in their neighborhood. It is thisRead MoreThe Sixties Scoop in Canada4155 Words   |  17 Pagessocial service workers attempted to ‘rescue’ children from their Aboriginal families and communities, devastating children’s lives and furthering the destitution of many families. Culture and ethnicity were not taken into consideration as it was assumed that the child, being pliable, would take on the heritage and culture of the foster/adoptive parents (Armitage, 1995). The forced removal of children and youth from their Native communities has been linked with social problems such as â€Å"high suicide

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Electron Configurations free essay sample

The purpose of this lab was to explore how electron configurations vary around the periodic table. The lab also helped us examine the relationships between electron configurations and reactions. Analysis The first pattern we discovered was that the sum of the superscripts equaled the number of electrons in the atom. Then, we learned that as you travel across the periodic table (starting from hydrogen up to the element of interest) the superscript increases by one. After finally writing out the electron configurations for all the elements, the results revealed that the location of the element (block s, d, p, or f) states its highest energy sublevel. Using these patterns you can determine the electron configuration of any element by simply by looking at the periodic table. Let’s use Carbon(C) for example. The periodic table tells us that Carbon has a total of six electrons. Its location in the table is in block â€Å"p†, specifically the second period which means 2p. We will write a custom essay sample on Electron Configurations or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Now that you know where the electron configuration ends you simply fill in the preceding sublevels until you reach 2p. Just make sure the superscripts add up to six, the number of electrons in Carbon. Historically, elements are grouped together because of the similar characteristics that they share. For example, all elements in group 18 are noble gases. Well there can be a connection made by the historical reason for grouping elements in families and the electron configurations of the elements. Group 18 only contains noble gases. If you take a look at the electron configurations of each element all end in p? (with an exception of Helium which is only s? ). Neon’s electron configuration ends in 2p?. The two represents the period it is in and the six tells us that it is in the sixth column of block â€Å"p†. While noble gases are grouped for being such, their electron configuration also justify their reason for being organized together. The shape of the periodic table, after the lab, can be easily explained. As you know, that as you go across the periodic table the number of electrons in each element increases by one. So when you are doing electron configurations you can see that the different subshells have different letters which correspond to the different blocks of the periodic table. This is useful in writing electron configurations because the number of elements across from the first one in a period also matches the number next to the letter or block of a periodic table. This very close relationship makes it seem as if the periodic table was based off of electron configuration. The most stable configuration are those that do not react, gain, or lose an electron. The elements that have the most stable configurations are noble gases. They are the most stable due to having the maximum number of electrons in their outer shell. As a result, they rarely react with other elements since they are already stable. Other characteristics of the noble gases are that they all conduct electricity, fluoresce, odorless and are colorless Electron Configurations free essay sample The purpose of this lab was to explore how electron configurations vary around the periodic table. The lab also helped us examine the relationships between electron configurations and reactions. Analysis The first pattern we discovered was that the sum of the superscripts equaled the number of electrons in the atom. Then, we learned that as you travel across the periodic table (starting from hydrogen up to the element of interest) the superscript increases by one. After finally writing out the electron configurations for all the elements, the results revealed that the location of the element (block s, d, p, or f) states its highest energy sublevel. Using these patterns you can determine the electron configuration of any element by simply by looking at the periodic table. Let’s use Carbon(C) for example. The periodic table tells us that Carbon has a total of six electrons. Its location in the table is in block â€Å"p†, specifically the second period which means 2p. We will write a custom essay sample on Electron Configurations or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Now that you know where the electron configuration ends you simply fill in the preceding sublevels until you reach 2p. Just make sure the superscripts add up to six, the number of electrons in Carbon. Historically, elements are grouped together because of the similar characteristics that they share. For example, all elements in group 18 are noble gases. Well there can be a connection made by the historical reason for grouping elements in families and the electron configurations of the elements. Group 18 only contains noble gases. If you take a look at the electron configurations of each element all end in p? (with an exception of Helium which is only s? ). Neon’s electron configuration ends in 2p?. The two represents the period it is in and the six tells us that it is in the sixth column of block â€Å"p†. While noble gases are grouped for being such, their electron configuration also justify their reason for being organized together. The shape of the periodic table, after the lab, can be easily explained. As you know, that as you go across the periodic table the number of electrons in each element increases by one. So when you are doing electron configurations you can see that the different subshells have different letters which correspond to the different blocks of the periodic table. This is useful in writing electron configurations because the number of elements across from the first one in a period also matches the number next to the letter or block of a periodic table. This very close relationship makes it seem as if the periodic table was based off of electron configuration. The most stable configuration are those that do not react, gain, or lose an electron. The elements that have the most stable configurations are noble gases. They are the most stable due to having the maximum number of electrons in their outer shell. As a result, they rarely react with other elements since they are already stable. Other characteristics of the noble gases are that they all conduct electricity, fluoresce, odorless and are colorless

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Evolution of Rap Music essays

Evolution of Rap Music essays All one has to do is simply observe their surroundings to realize the huge impact of rap music on todays society. The way people dress, talk, and act have all been influenced by the cultural phenomenon known as rap music. Almost every aspect of American culture has been or is being influenced in one way or another by rap music. Lets use driving as an example. While at a stop light roll down the car window and odds are rap music is being played by at least one, if not all, of the surrounding cars. Music television stations, such as MTV, BET, and even The Music Box, seem to stick mainly with playing rap videos. I think it is safe to say that rap is the preferred choice of music for most of Americas youth. Over the past twenty years, it has become an important fixture in American society. Its funny to think that at one time rap music was thought to be nothing more than a fad that would go away as times changed. Rap music has had its ups and downs, but, through it all, has bloss omed into a multi-billion dollar industry with a massive following. To those who arent familiar with rap music, Dictionary.com defines it as, A form of vocal music in which rhyming lyrics are chanted to a musical accompaniment. While this is an ok definition, rap music is so much more than just rhyming lyrics with musical accompaniment. Cheryl Keyes, a rap historian and the author of Music in American Life, defines rap music as, Rhythms and melodies that give a forum that addresses the political and economic disfranchisement of black youths and other groups, fosters ethnic pride, and displays culture values and aesthetics. Modern day rap music emerged in the early 1970s from the gang and crime infested neighborhoods of the South Bronx in New York City. However, rap musics roots can be traced back hundreds of years to Western Africa. As a matter of fact, Asian, European, Latin American...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Double-sidedness of Advice on Position of Parents Essay

Double-sidedness of Advice on Position of Parents - Essay Example (.Mihaly & Rathunde. p28). The older people thwart the dreams of children by becoming very rigid in the decisions they impose on them. People can see through this story that advice and suggestion from the perspective of adults can kill diverse dreams before young people try. It does not mean all advice and opinion influence negative effects because they have already experienced about what they said, and it could be a useful guideline to live. However, these kinds of adults’ thought and behaviors can make children and young people just follow the safe instruction. This statement means that there is no adventure as the owner of the independent life. I think if all people stuck with their dreams, people and society would be getting hard. Korea’s job crisis can be an example. Korea is a unique country that achieved rapid development in a short period from developing to a developed country. Previous generation lived this result fiercely while they have stood against lots of changes like World War and done the hard job like dirty, dangerous, and difficult job called 3D job. The parents who went through thes e hard times did not want their children to experience what they had already experienced. They would encourage their children to work hard in studies as scarifying themselves without spending money for them since they believed the way to escape difficult situation is getting white-collar jobs. Such jobs were very lucrative by that time. This thought and efforts of the previous generation altered society’s perception of a job, so the job crisis that cause most young people in Korea try only to get into the white-collar job has happened. Moreover, many Koreans nowadays want to work at similar field such as management department and enter large corporations. They do such without considering which department is more valuable for them and makes them more attractive, which worsens the job crisis.